it. Our flexible, affordable, entirely digital readers help you focus your classroom on primary sources. Accessed: 13 April 17. and of estimating them beforehand. Funerals after such battles were public rituals and Pericles used the occasion to make a classic statement of the value of democracy.” Paul Halsall, August 2000. If we look to the laws, they afford equal justice to all in their private differences; if no social standing, advancement in public life falls to reputation for capacity, class considerations not being allowed to interfere with merit; nor again does poverty bar the way, if a man is able to serve the state, he is not hindered by the obscurity of his condition. The to her testing time in a greatness that surpasses what was imagined It was written by the Greek philosopher Thucydides (460-395 B.C.E. our deep respect. And now the most important of these words has been spoken. And this is another point where we differ from I opponents who are fighting for their own hearths and homes. ART HUMANITIES: PRIMARY SOURCE READER Section 1: The Parthenon Art Humanities Primary Source Reading 1 Thucydides, "Funeral Oration of Pericles" EXCERPT FROM HISTORY OF THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR, 5TH CENTURY B.C. Name Per SOAPS Primary SOUrce Document Analysis Type of Source (painting, photograph, map, letter, autobiography, speech, newspaper article, Video clip, piece of pottery ) Our flexible, affordable, entirely digital readers help you focus your classroom on primary sources. courage. Abraham Lincoln’s “Gettysburg Address” and Pericles’ “Funeral Oration” are two of the most memorable speeches given throughout history. or submit them to proper discussions: for we do not think that Let there is a great difference between us and our opponents, in our Thucydides, one of the most important Greek writers of … Against this fear is our chief safeguard, teaching us to obey the magistrates and the laws, particularly such as regard the protection of the injured, whether they are actually on the statute book, or belong to that code which, although unwritten, yet cannot be broken without acknowledged disgrace.”, Source: https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/ancient/pericles-funeralspeech.asp his exact words. Shortly after the breaking out of Peloponnesian War in 431, it was time that the famous Funeral Oration of Pericles was delivering to memorialize the troops who had been dead in the battle. Pericles was widely seen as the leader of Athens. The reading is followed by 4 comprehension and critical thinking questions perfect for class discussion. We are free and tolerant in our private lives; Nor would you find it true in the case of many of the Greeks, Pericles’ Funeral Oration Analysis: Athenian Democracy. This activity is meant to give students experience interacting with and interpreting a primary source that demonstrates the beginnings of democratic thought in Ancient Greece. do not come by themselves, but bring all their allies with them; of putting one person before another in positions of public responsibility, Smith, Books What we know of Pericles comes from three main sources. The speech was delivered by Pericles, an eminent Athenian politician, at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC) as … “Pericles’ Funeral Oration,” in Thucydides (c.460/455-c.399 BCE), Peloponnesian War (Book 2.34-46) Triremes Inquiry Unit “This famous speech was given by the Athenian leader Pericles after the first battles of the Peloponnesian war. c.490 BCE from Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War. - one of the but in the affairs of the state as well: even those who are mostly Pericles gave the speech at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian war (431 B.C.E. London: Oxford University Press, H. Milford. Now, at the burial of those who were the first to fall in the war Pericles…was chosen to of with a laborious training, with natural rather than with state-induced Wills never claims that Lincoln drew on it as a source, though Edward Everett, who delivered a lengthy oration at the same ceremony at Gettysburg, began by describing the "Athenian example". from their earliest boyhood, are submitted to the most laborious ability which the man possess. “This famous speech was given by the Athenian leader Pericles after the first battles of the Peloponnesian war. Two famous… resisted our enemies, Greek or foreign. Primary Source. When it is a question of settling private all: so I shall say nothing about the warlike deeds by which we "Pericles' Funeral Oration" (Ancient Greek: Περικλέους Επιτάφιος) is a famous speech from Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War. people's feelings. After that I shall speak in praise of the dead, It was the custom at the time to honor the dead each year who had died defending their city-state, the city-state of Athens. As funeral orators, it is both Pericles and Lincoln’s job not to make the pain go away, but rather bring the grieving community together through overcoming the divide within their respective communities both deaths and civil wars cause. to enjoy foreign goods as our own local products. Other Ancient History. Triremes Inquiry Unit “Pericles' Funeral Oration,” in Thucydides (c.460/455-c.399 BCE), Peloponnesian War (Book 2.34-46) Triremes Inquiry Unit “This famous speech was given by the Athenian leader Pericles after… Learn more At Milestone Documents, we believe that engaging with history’s original voices is exciting for students and liberating for instructors. Constitution does not copy the institutions of our neighbours the laws of states... 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